Information about Cricket | Cricket History | Cricket Terminology

Cricket Bowling Types:

Fast Bowling :

Fast bowling also known as Pace Bowling.
Fast bowler is the one who delivers the ball very quickly down the pitch.
The Fast delivery ball has its range of speed between 85 to 95 mph. The pace bowlers may alternate their delivery of the ball in length and the bounce height namely as Bouncer, Short pitched, Good length, Full pitched and Yorker.

The categories of Fast bowling.
- Seam Bowling
- Swing Bowling

Spin Bowling :

The spin ball when it bounces on the pitch deviates from the normal straight path where the batsman will not be able to face the ball cleanly.
The spin delivery has the speed range of 45-55mph.

The categories of Spin Bowling
- Finger Spin
- Off Spin
- Left-arm orthodox
- Wrist Spin
- Leg Spin
- Left-arm Unorthodox

Ways of Getting OUT in Cricket


The batsman is out when the fielder gets hold of the ball in the air before the ball lands on the ground. Even though caught by the fielder, the batsman is not considered to be out
- If the ball is a no Ball or dead ball.
- The fielder while taking the catch gets in contact with the boundary line or the region outside the boundary line.
- If the ball is not hit by the batsman by his bat or the gloved hand holding the bat. - If the ball striked by the batsman bounce back in the air for a catch after touching the helmet of the wicket keeper.
- If the wicket keeper gets hold of the catch then the catch is termed as catch behind. - If the bowler who bowled the ball gets hold of the catch then it is termed as caught and bowled.


The ball delivered by the bowler strikes the wicket irrelevant of whether the ball has touched the bat, glove, or any part of the batsman before striking the wicket.
- The batsman is not out for a no ball.

Leg before wicket

The batsman is considered to be out when his legs or another part of the body interrupted the ball without first striking the bat or the hand holding the bat which would otherwise hit the wicket. Few things to be considered in details,
Batsman is considered to be out
- If the ball has pitched in line with the wickets or on the off side of the stumps.
- The batsman makes no attempt to hit the ball and the ball strucks the pad of the batsman outside the line of Off stump.
Here the Batsman is not considered to be out
- If the ball pitched outside the line of leg stump irrespective of whether the ball would strike the wickets.
- If the ball bowled is a No Ball.
- If the pitched outside the line of off stump and the batsman makes an genuine attempt to hit the ball.


The batsman is termed as run out when the fielder directly hits the wicket before the batsman reaches the batting crease while the ball is in Play. For the batsman not to be out either the part of his bat or the person should be grounded in the batting crease before the fall of the wickets. The batsman is considered to be run out even though the ball delivered by the bowler is a No Ball.
Here are few exceptional cases for a Batsman not considered to be out.
- Batsman returns to the popping crease and then leaves the popping crease to avoid injury of the ball from the fielder during the fall of wickets.
- If the ball hit by the batsman hits the wickets of the other batsman, the non striker is not considered to be out on condition that the ball was not touched by any member of the fielding team before the ball hit the wickets.
- If the batsman is given out as stumped then he is not given run out.


The batsman is considered to stump out when the wicket keeper knocks the bails off with the ball that has reached him through the bowler where the batsman failed to hit the ball and in the process a move forward beyond the batting crease and fails to move behind the crease before the fall of wickets.
For the batsman not to be out either the part of his bat or the person should be grounded in the batting crease before the fall of the wickets.
- The batsman is stumped for a Wide ball but not for a No Ball.

Handled the ball

After the batsman has played a ball he may be anxious that the ball may reverse on to the stumps in the process if the batsman uses his hands to knock the ball away then the batsman is considered to be out and is regarded as Handled the ball.
The batsman is not out if he uses either his bat or his feet or his pads to knock the ball away.

Timed out

After a batsman is out the Next batsman must be ready to support his partner to face the next ball within 3 minutes from the time of dismissal.
In case of Twenty20 matches the Time is limited to 90 seconds.
In case the player fails to be on field to support his partner within the time frame then he is considered to be out.

Double hit

The Batsman can be declared out if he hits the ball twice with his bat.He is not allowed to do so to prevent the ball from the fielder for a catch.
However there are two exceptional cases
- The ball was hit twice because the ball may reverse on to the stumps. - The ball was returned to the fielding team with their permission.

Hit wicket

Here the batsman knocks his own wickets when trying to attempt a delivery to play a shot or avoid it. This can happen either with his bat or the body. This generally happens when the batsman moves too close to the wickets in playing a difficult shot and accidently hits the wickets.

Obstructing the field

The Umpire can give a batsman out if he feels that the batsman has gone in the way of the fielder in obstructing to take a catch or make a run out.


There are two Umpires on the field. One Stands behind the wickets at the bowler’s end and the other stands at the Square leg that is in line with the batting crease few yards away from the legside of the batsman.

If any of the fielders takes the position at the Square leg or if there is runner along with the batsman that blocks his view he may change his position to small distance from there or to the point. If the Umpire changes his position to point he needs to inform both the batsman, the captain of the fielding team and the other Umpire on the field. If the Sun set prevents the Umpire to have the clear view of the popping crease he may also move to the point.

For the International matches there is a Third Umpire and the match referee.

The Umpire standing at the bowlers end makes decisions on LBW, Wide balls, No Balls, Byes and Leg byes and indicates them to the match scorers. The umpire also indicates the four runs and six runs.

The Umpire at the Square leg makes decision on Run outs, bowled and stumped and indicates them.

The Umpires change their positions at the end of each over.

The Umpire cannot make the decision of out unless appealed by the fielding team.

The match referee looks at the discipline of the game. If any of the player argues with the Umpire with the decision made by him the player can be fined by the match referee.

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